public static method

Attempts to match an array of route parameters (i.e. 'controller', 'action', etc.) against a connected Route object. For example, given the following route:

Router::connect('/login', array('controller' => 'users', 'action' => 'login'));

This will match:

$url = Router::match(array('controller' => 'users', 'action' => 'login'));
// returns /login

For URLs templates with no insert parameters (i.e. elements like {:id} that are replaced with a value), all parameters must match exactly as they appear in the route parameters.

Alternatively to using a full array, you can specify routes using a more compact syntax. The above example can be written as:

$url = Router::match('Users::login'); // still returns /login

You can combine this with more complicated routes; for example:

Router::connect('/posts/{:id:\d+}', array('controller' => 'posts', 'action' => 'view'));

This will match:

$url = Router::match(array('controller' => 'posts', 'action' => 'view', 'id' => '1138'));
// returns /posts/1138

Again, you can specify the same URL with a more compact syntax, as in the following:

$url = Router::match(array('Posts::view', 'id' => '1138'));
// again, returns /posts/1138

You can use either syntax anywhere an URL is accepted, i.e. when redirecting or creating links using the Html helper.


  • array|string $url

    An array of parameters to match, or paremeters in their shorthand form (i.e. 'Posts::view'). Also takes non-routed, manually generated URL strings.

  • \lithium\action\Request $context

    This supplies the context for any persistent parameters, as well as the base URL for the application.

  • array $options

    Options for the generation of the matched URL. Currently accepted values are:

    • 'absolute' boolean: Indicates whether or not the returned URL should be an absolute path (i.e. including scheme and host name).
    • 'host' string: If 'absolute' is true, sets the host name to be used, or overrides the one provided in $context.
    • 'scheme' string: If 'absolute' is true, sets the URL scheme to be used, or overrides the one provided in $context.
    • 'scope' string: Optionnal scope name.



Returns a generated URL, based on the URL template of the matched route, and prefixed with the base URL of the application.


	public static function match($url = array(), $context = null, array $options = array()) {
		$options = static::_matchOptions($url, $context, $options);

		if (is_string($url = static::_prepareParams($url, $context, $options))) {
			return $url;

		$base = $options['base'];
		$url += array('action' => 'index');
		$stack = array();

		$suffix = isset($url['#']) ? "#{$url['#']}" : null;

		$scope = $options['scope'];
		if (isset(static::$_configurations[$scope])) {
			foreach (static::$_configurations[$scope] as $route) {
				if (!$match = $route->match($url + array('scope' => static::attached($scope)), $context)) {
				if ($route->canContinue()) {
					$stack[] = $match;
					$export = $route->export();
					$keys = $export['match'] + $export['keys'] + $export['defaults'];
					$url = array_diff_key($url, $keys);
				if ($stack) {
					$stack[] = $match;
					$match = static::_compileStack($stack);
				$path = rtrim("{$base}{$match}{$suffix}", '/') ?: '/';
				$path = ($options) ? static::_prefix($path, $context, $options) : $path;
				return $path ?: '/';
		$url = static::_formatError($url);
		$message = "No parameter match found for URL `{$url}`";
		$message .= $scope ? " in `{$scope}` scope." : '.';
		throw new RoutingException($message);