Console Applications

Console applications in li3 allow you to access your application infrastructure from the command line. The Console libraries li3 features also allow you to perform oft-used features in a shell environment.

The li3 Shell Command

Before we get started, you'll want to make sure that your shell knows where the li3 command is.

If my li3 installation was at /usr/local/lithium, I'd add the following to my Bash configuration to make sure the li3 command was universally available to me:

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/lithium/console

Creating a new Command

User-defined commands are located in /app/extensions/command/ by default. Let's create a simple application that list the repositories of a given organization.

First, create the new file at /app/extensions/command/Repos.php. This is what we'll start with:

namespace app\extensions\command;

class Repos extends \lithium\console\Command {}

If you run $ li3 now, you'll see that li3 can already see your command. Look towards the end of the output, just after "COMMANDS via app."

COMMANDS via app
    repos

If you document the Repos class with a comment, it will be shown when li3 is executed without any arguments.

Command I/O

By default, the run() method of your newly created Command is called when a user executes li3 <command name> from a shell. The easiest way to get input from a user is via command-line arguments. Arguments passed to the Command are supplied as arguments to run().

namespace app\extensions\command;

class Repos extends \lithium\console\Command {

  public function run($org = '') {
    echo "Org: $org\n";
  }
}

You can also use in() to ask the user for input:

namespace app\extensions\command;

class Repos extends \lithium\console\Command {
  public function run($org = '') {
    if($org == '') {
      $org = $this->in("Organization?");
    }
    echo "Org: $org\n";
  }
}

And rather than using echo to send output to the user, we can use out() or error() to send to STDOUT and STDERR. Apart from adding newlines automatically, these methods can also send colored output by using style tags.

namespace app\extensions\command;

class Repos extends \lithium\console\Command {
  public function run($org = '') {
    if($org == '') {
      $this->error("{:red}No organization supplied.{:end}");
      $org = $this->in("Organization?");
    }
    $this->out("{:green}Org: $org{:end}");
  }
}

Adding Functionality

Finally, let's add a bit of functionality to interact with the GitHub API. Because we have full access to li3 classes, we declare them via uses above the class definition like we normally would and use those classes in our Command logic:

namespace app\extensions\command;

use lithium\net\http\Service;

class Repos extends \lithium\console\Command {
  public function run($org = '') {
    if($org == '') {
      $this->error("{:red}No organization supplied.{:end}");
      $org = $this->in("Organization?");
    }
    $this->out("{:green}Org: $org{:end}");

    $service = new Service([
      'scheme' => 'https',
      'host'   => 'api.github.com'
    ]);

    $repos = $service->get('/orgs/' . $org . '/repos');
    $this->header("$org Repos:");
    foreach($repos as $repo) {
      $this->out($repo['full_name']);
    }
  }
}

Here's a sample of the output:

$ li3 repos UnionOfRad
Org: UnionOfRad
/-----------------
UnionOfRad Repos:
/-----------------
UnionOfRAD/phpca
UnionOfRAD/li3_sqlsrv
UnionOfRAD/framework
UnionOfRAD/li3_docs
UnionOfRAD/lithium_bin
UnionOfRAD/li3_design
UnionOfRAD/manual
UnionOfRAD/lithium
UnionOfRAD/li3_qa
UnionOfRAD/li3_cldr
UnionOfRAD/li3_lab
UnionOfRAD/li3_bot
UnionOfRAD/li3_lldr
UnionOfRAD/li3_quality
UnionOfRAD/li3_queue
UnionOfRAD/sphere
UnionOfRAD/li3_couchbase
UnionOfRAD/li3_sqltools
UnionOfRAD/li3_fixtures